Introduction of a Matrix-Based Organizational Model in a Software House
9 December, 2021
Companies use multiple organizational models. One of them is a silo-based organization in which each department is a sort of a silo that manages its projects and sometimes uses some of the services offered by the company – for instance, HR, IT, etc. Usually, such a department has its P&L, and its autonomy is relatively high. As long as profits are higher than costs and margin is on the expected level, everything is fine.
The division of a company lost several contracts simultaneously; therefore, several departments grouped within this division started to lose their profitability. The situation was specific as none of the departments lost all warranties, but all were impacted. None of them could survive on its own, therefore merging was an option to recover profitability on a macro scale, on the division level.
We reviewed our profits and costs – to understand expected revenues and determine how much FTE we could afford.
We went through our employee list to identify those we had to keep and those we had to let go of.
We understood that we would have to prepare a flexible, matrix-based organization in the short time horizon. Our solution grouped all engineers and project managers in a single cost center while projects were grouped in programs, and programs were aggregated in separate organizational units. Those organizational units were super lean – they consisted only of a Program Director, who was responsible for a profit from a specific contract or a specific customer.
Program Directors could hire project managers and engineers only for a specific project ordered by a customer. As soon as the engagement was finished, those people were available for other initiatives. Sometimes a person could be shared by more than one project – especially in the case of small projects or maintenance contracts (maintenance contract was a project as well). We were allowing overbooking, at least to a certain level.
After some time, when Program Directors stabilized their profit centers, they started to build their own organizations as they had guaranteed income. Therefore, they were able to afford permanent hiring of employees.
- Silo organizations are often non-transparent ones.
- Engineers can be shared by more than a project only for a limited amount of time – focus switching is usually too difficult to handle for a longer time.
- In matrix organizations, people usually have a problem identifying who their manager is and who influences their salary and bonus.
- Performance review in a matrix organization is complex and requires unambiguous criteria to be conducted fairly.
- It is challenging to build innovation in matrix-based organizations.
- It is essential to define clear responsibilities between a line manager and a project manager who engages an engineer in a project. Lack of this clear distinction will lead to conflicts and demotivation of the staff.
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